The study of the socio-economic impact on Genetically Modified corn cultivation in the Philippines revealed that overall, the assurance of the safety of farmers’ food was lost after 10 years of planting the crop. The study also reported that in all areas of study, health problems were seen increasing since the introduction of Genetically Modified corn, along with severe allergic reactions to pesticides. Furthermore, GM corn has a side effect on the environment such as the emergence of a new pest Similar with poultry, death and the increased risk of diseases after eating Genetically Modified corn can be seen.
The Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN) has issued reports based on 20 years of commercial experience in North America. They find Genetically Modified crops, trees and animals, to remain as a model of agriculture that has a serious and unsustainable environmental impact in the long run. Several reports indicate that Genetically Modified foods and crops may be toxic, allergenic, or have unwanted nutritional changes. The report also provides evidence of continuous conventional breeding across genetic engineering in the delivery of crops that produce good results, disease resistance, nutrition, and drought tolerance and other weather conditions.
However, Genetically Modified foods are not labeled in the United States and other countries where they are widely consumed and consumers are not monitored for health effects. In addition to that, several reports by the US Disease Control Center show that food-related illnesses increased from multiple times between the year of 1994 and 1997. A study on the long-term effect of consuming Genetically Modified Crops and Food has been made in September 2012 and the result is disturbing. When tested on rats, genetically modified food cause them to develop horrifying tumours and other related diseases. 70%of the female population died prematurely and all of them suffered severe organ damage from consuming Genetically Modified Food.
Food safety is becoming increasingly important especially for food marketed or commercialised. This is because there are changes in the field of science that emphasise health, consumerism and food preparation as well as the growing need for international trade in food production.
With the increasing of the need for international food trade also has led entrepreneurs to further enhance the safety of food produced. Therefore, certain standards are created to be followed and implemented to ensure that the products produced are accepted internationally.
However, the development and the use of technology in today’s food production has been increasingly challenging the safety of food that has been consumed, as technology in food production has grown so rapidly that it has not been completed yet. Moreover, studies related to food and health typically require a fairly long period of time to reveal the results.
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) is a biotechnology technique used to manipulate genetic organisms such as animals and plants to produce useful products to humans. The GMO organisms are manipulated through genetic engineering technology by transferring gene segments from one organism to another organism. Genetically Modified Food (GMF) is a food product such as genetically modified meat, chicken and vegetables. For example, a tomato has been genetically modified to last longer in winter than normal tomatoes and tomatoes have been given permission to be grown and commercialised in the United States for the last 24 years.
Meanwhile, since Genetically Modified Crops (GMC) were introduced in the United States since the 90s, it has been widely commercialised until today and a few example of the GMC is corn, cotton, apple, potato and many more. The result of this genetically modified crops is able to pollute the original crops and eliminate the natural biodiversity of natural seeds indirectly. In fact, it is harmful to ecosystems, natural living, environment, health and moral values. It is likely that we will only be aware of the impact of Genetically Modified’s pollution and danger and have been too late to take precautionary measures only after a bad incident has occurred especially on human health. This is because until now genetically modified crops that are produced are not in safety test against consumers. It is not even labeled in the local market.
It is still a controversial question because many people are questioning the safety of crops and food products produced through this technique.
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